Grumman TBF Avenger


Grumman TBF Avenger
Grumman TBF-1 Avenger, in early 1942 colors
As the first US Navy type to enter service after the Pearl Harbor attack, the meaning of the surname "Avenger" is obvious.
The Avenger first saw action during the Battle of Midway, however all but one of these early production planes were shot down on that day. By 1944, torpedo-bombing had proved less effective and more dangerous than either level or dive bombing; and the TBF/TBM ended the war in composite squadrons, flying alongside FM-2 Wildcats, mainly in the anti-submarine role.

In 1942, Grumman lacked the industrial facilities to continue building the F4F Wildcat fighter and Avenger torpedo bomber and start producing the new F6F Hellcat. Production of the F4F and Avenger was therefore transferred to Eastern Aircraft, the F4F becoming the FM and the TBF becoming the TBM.

Grumman TBF-1C Avenger Grumman TBF-1C Avenger
Engine Wright R-2600 Double Cyclone 14 cylinder radial 1,700 hp
Weight empty: 4,580 kg (10,100 lb) - loaded: 6,215 kg (13,700 lb)
Armament upper ball: one 12.7mm (.50 cal) gun;
lower tail: one 7.7mm (.30 cal) gun operated by the radioman.
Ordnance Two 455 kg (1,000 lb) bombs, or one torpedo.
Performance Max speed: 440 km/h (270 mph)

Stof's notes about this plane in iMOL's WarBirds

The opinions expressed below are only my own, and nothing more...
With the Zero, Val, Kate, Wildcat, Dauntless and Avenger, we have everything we need now for some great 1942-1943 "Carrier war" scenarios.

Strong points:

Weak points:


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(Picture from "Le Fana de l'Aviation" HS n5)